Mt. Gox - Bitcoin Wiki

LTC News and Discussion

---------------------------------------------- A Better Moderated Community for Litecoiners. ---------------------------------------------- Come and learn about Litecoins. ---------------------------------------------- Come and discuss about Litecoins' future. ----------------------------------------
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How did you get into Litecoin, or crypto in general?

I got into Bitcoin initially after reading a Wired article on bitcoin in 2011 (https://www.wired.com/2011/11/mf-bitcoin/) and then shortly thereafter I got into Litecoin and I've been buying it ever since. I remember reading that article and just scouring the internet for all sorts of information about bitcoin. Those days it was so hard to get money into crypto. The onramps to get your money into MtGox was so hard but looking back on it, totally worth it. Then I discovered BTC-e a little after Gox and that's how the other love affair (with LTC) started. I miss the troll box and the conversations with u/coblee on there. Ahhh I kinda miss those early days
submitted by nichpumba to litecoin [link] [comments]

[Anno 2014]However, exchanges are able to create paper bitcoin and as demonstrated by the leaked MtGox data, non-existent fiat currency was created in MtGox's database and used to run up the price of Bitcoin before the MtGox collapse.

Quote:
"Bitcoin has not developed an options or derivatives market yet. However, exchanges are able to create paper bitcoin and as demonstrated by the leaked MtGox data, non-existent fiat currency was created in MtGox's database and used to run up the price of Bitcoin before the MtGox collapse. Bitcoin will likely become subject to the same manipulations and worse."
"An exchange can add a Litecoin to an account in a database and then a user can sell that Litecoin. The litecoin may not exist and the exchange may have to buy the litecoin, to cover a withdrawal. An exchange with withdrawal limits or withdrawal fees, engaged in heavy manipulation, may be solvent indefinitely. An exchange, suffering insolvency may silently and secretly haircut a fraction of users balances and there is no indication to the user that it even occurred. There is no way to prove that reports of stolen funds are real, instead of an anonymous attack on honest exchanges by dishonest competitors."
...A project from 2014 over at Bitcointalk wrote that.
The same line could be used now, 4 years later just with Tether.
submitted by BobUltra to Buttcoin [link] [comments]

The Argument for Diversifying your Portfolio Massively! - For Long Term Investors

Objective

In this article I will cover the benefits of massively diversifying your cryptocurrency portfolio by using Bitcoin as the primary example. Then I will discuss some of the best ways to diversify your portfolio and which methods require the least amount of work (purchase and hold several coins versus dividend sharing coins like COSS or token baskets)
Let's assume I had purchased 100 USD worth of Bitcoin on Jan 1, 2011. I would own about 333.33 BTC (Details below)
BTC Price (JAN 1, 2011): 0.30 USD
Purchase Amount: 100 USD ~= 333.33 BTC

The Start - 2011

The Slow Increase - 2012

The Bitcoin RollerCOSSter Begins - 2013

The Big Reckoning - MtGox and more - 2014

2015 and 2016

The Unparalleled rise and Altcoin mania - 2017

The Bubble - 2018

Conclusion and The Case to Diversify

  • The main takeaway point from this discussion was that Bitcoin's rise in the past few years has been unparalleled by any other asset class in the world. However the likelihood that you knew or even held through all the ups and downs of bitcoin from 2011 to 2018 would be slim to none (Almost like hitting a lottery)
  • How can someone take advantage of the cryptocurrency market and catch all star risers like Neo and Nano? Diversify! Had someone diversified in 2017 into various altcoins (10$ each in small coins or so) they would stand to gain a ton of profits at the peak in 2018.

Ways to Massively Diversify - Manual Method (Buy and Hold)

  • This method is straight forward, just simply buy and hold a mixed bag of big cap and small cap cryptocurrencies for the long term. Once the technology becomes more adopted and accepted, and when more people find it easy to purchase cryptocurrencies (Trust me it's not easy right now, especially in Canada where banks are blocking it everywhere) you will see decent profits.
  • Only issue with this method is it requires a lot of manual work from creating wallets, storing your money safely and signing up for several exchanges to get the coin you want to hold

Ways to Massively Diversify - Automatic Method (COSS)

  • Kucoin was an option until they changed the dividend model of their exchange to only pay dividends in more Kucoin shares.
  • Holding COSS tokens on the COSS exchange or on a linked external Ethereum wallet earns you weekly dividends in the form of Fees the exchange earns
  • Your weekly dividend contains every coin traded on the COSS exchange, this includes BTC, ETH, LTC, NEO, OMG, ICX and so many more coins
  • Basically by holding COSS tokens the exchange is building a very diverse portfolio in the form of many dust coins and big coins like BTC and ETH (These coins might be dust now but could potentially breakout like Neo or Nano in the long term)
  • This method requires minimal work from your part, just hold the COSS tokens and earn weekly dividends in hundreds of other coins.
  • Note the exchange is facing some known bugs at present (causing some exchange lag), but they have plans for significant improvements in the pipeline with the launch of COSS2.0 (With the market basically having bottomed this might be the best time to buy COSS)
  • For more information regarding COSS see my post detailing COSS here: https://np.reddit.com/CryptoCurrency/comments/91kel8/a_7_months_after_analysis_of_a_lost_gem_in_a_sea/?st=jkmzrv6u&sh=43d5dc18
  • The coss exchange is available at https://www.coss.io

Ways to Massively Diversify - Automatic Method (Basket ETFs)

Diversify massively because you never know what a small investment of 10 to 100$ in some dust right now might be worth in a few years
.
References: This post is heavily referenced by an article written on investopedia and can be found here: https://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/123015/if-you-had-purchased-100-bitcoins-2011.asp
.
Also a big thanks to everyone that reads my crazy long posts, what can I say I'm a cryptomaniac!
submitted by blockchainguy101 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

The New Crypto Order & Escaping Financial Repression

The Vigilante’s View
It is our first issue in months that bitcoin hasn’t hit an all-time high! And it’s the last issue of the year. And what a year for cryptos it was.
To put it in perspective, bitcoin could fall 90% from current levels and it will still have outperformed stocks, bonds and real estate in 2017.
Bitcoin started 2017 at $960.79.
At the time of this writing it is near $13,000 for a gain of 1,250% in 2017.
And, bitcoin was actually one of the worst performing cryptocurrencies in our TDV portfolio in 2017!
Ethereum (ETH) started 2017 at $8. It has since hit over $800 for a nice 10,000% gain in 2017.
That’s pretty good, but not as good as Dash which started the year at $11.19 and recently hit $1,600 for a nearly 15,000% gain.
I hope many of you have participated in these amazing gains! If not, or you are new, don’t worry there will be plenty more opportunities in the years ahead.
It won’t all be just home runs though… in fact, some of the cryptos that have performed so well to date may go down dramatically or collapse completely in the coming years.
I’ll point out further below why Lightning Network is not the answer to Bitcoin Core’s slow speeds and high costs. And, I’ll look ahead to 2018 and how we could already be looking beyond blockchains.
Yes, things are moving so fast that blockchain just became known to your average person this year… and could be nearly extinct by next year.
That’s why it is important to stick with us here at TDV to navigate these choppy free market waters!
New Years Reflection On The Evolution Of Consensus Protocols
Sooner or later crypto will humble you by its greatness. Its vastness is accompanied by a madness that is breathtaking, because you quickly realize that there is no stopping crypto from taking over the world. The moment you think you have everything figured out, is the moment the market will surprise you.
We are for the first time living and witnessing the birth of the first worldwide free market. Throughout this rampage of innovation, we all are implicitly aiming for the best means of harnessing consensus. As we leave this bountiful 2017 and aim at 2018, it is important for us to meditate and appreciate the progress we have made in transforming the world through the decentralization of consensus. It is also important to reflect on the changes in consensus building we have partaken in and those yet to come.
Consensus is the agreement that states “this is what has occurred, and this is what hasn’t happened.”
Throughout the vastness of history, we humans have only really had access to centralized means for consensus building. In the centralized world, consensus has been determined by banks, states, and all kinds of central planners. As our readers know, any centralized party can misuse their power, and their consensus ruling can become unfair. In spite of this, many individuals still praise the effectiveness of consensus building of centralized systems.
People from antiquity have had no other option but to trust these central planners. These systems of control have created still-water markets where only a few are allowed to compete. This lack of competition resulted in what we now can objectively view as slow innovation. For many, centralized consensus building is preferred under the pretense of security and comfort. Unfortunately, these same individuals are in for a whole lot of discomfort now that the world is innovating on top of the first decentralized consensus building technology, the blockchain.
Everything that has occurred since the inception of bitcoin has shocked central planners because for the first time in history they are lost; they no longer hold power. We now vote with our money. We choose what we find best as different technologies compete for our money.
What we are witnessing when we see the volatility in crypto is nothing more than natural human motion through price. The innovation and volatility of the crypto market may seem unorthodox to some, because it is. For the first time in history we are in a true free market. The true free market connects you to everybody and for this reason alone the market shouldn’t surprise us for feeling “crazy.” Volatility is a sign of your connection to a market that is alive. Radical innovation is a sign of a market that is in its infancy still discovering itself.
In juxtaposing centralized consensus building with decentralized consensus building, I cannot keep myself from remembering some wise biblical words; “ And no one pours new wine into old wineskins. Otherwise, the new wine will burst the skins; the wine will run out and the wineskins will be ruined.” – Luke 5:37
The centralized legacy financial system is akin to old wineskins bursting to shreds by the new wine of crypto. Decentralized consensus building has no need for central planners. For example, think about how ludicrous it would be for someone to ask government for regulation after not liking something about crypto. Sorry, there is no central planner to protect you; even the mathematical protocols built for us to trust are now competing against one another for our money.
These new mathematical protocols will keep competing against one another as they provide us with new options in decentralizing consensus. As we look unto 2018, it is important that we as investors begin to critically engage and analyze “blockchain-free cryptocurrencies.”
HASHGRAPHS, TANGLES AND DAGS
Blockchain-free cryptocurrencies are technologies composed of distributed databases that use different tools to achieve the same objectives as blockchains.
The top contenders in the realm of blockchain-free cryptos are DAGs (Directed Acyclic Graphs) such as Swirlds’ Hashgraph, ByteBall’s DAG, and IOTA’s Tangle. These blockchain-free cryptos are also categorized as belonging to the 3 rd generation of cryptocurrencies. These technologies promise to be faster, cheaper, and more efficient than blockchain cryptocurrencies.
Blockchains were the first means of creating decentralized consensus throughout the world. In the blockchain, the majority of 51% determine the consensus. The limits of blockchains stem from their inherent nature, whereupon every single node/participant needs to know all of the information that has occurred throughout the whole blockchain economy of a given coin.
This opens up blockchains to issues akin to the ones we have been exposed to in regards to Bitcoin’s scaling. It is important to make a clear distinction in the language used between blockchains and blockchain-freecryptocurrencies. When we speak about blockchains it is more proper to speak about its transactionconsensus as “decentralized”, whereas with blockchain-free cryptocurrencies it is best if we refer to transaction consensus as “distributed.”
Swirlds’ Hashgraph incorporates a radical and different approach to distributing consensus. Swirlds claims that their new approach will solve scaling and security issues found on blockchains. They use a protocol called “Gossip about Gossip.” Gossip refers to how computers communicate with one another in sending information.
In comparison to the Blockchain, imagine that instead of all of the nodes receiving all of the transactions categorized in the past ten minutes, that only a few nodes shared their transaction history with other nodes near them. The Hashgraph team explains this as “calling any random node and telling that node everything you know that it does not know.” That is, in Hashgraph we would be gossiping about the information we are gossiping; i.e., sending to others throughout the network for consensus.
Using this gossiped information builds the Hashgraph. Consensus is created by means of depending on the gossips/rumors that come to you and you pass along to other nodes. Hashgraph also has periodic rounds which review the circulating gossips/rumors.
Hashgraph is capable of 250,000+ Transactions Per Second (TPS), compared to Bitcoin currently only allowing for 7 TPS. It is also 50,000 times faster than Bitcoin. There is no mention of a coin on their white paper. At this moment there is no Hashgraph ICO, beware of scams claiming that there is. There is however a growing interest in the project along with a surge of app development.
IOTAs DAG is known as the Tangle. Contrary to Hashgraph, IOTA does have its own coin known as MIOTA, currently trading around the $3 mark. There are only 2,779,530,283 MIOTA in existence. The Tangle was also created to help alleviate the pains experienced with Blockchain scaling. IOTAs Tangle creates consensus on a regional level; basically neighbors looking at what other neighbors are doing.
As the tangle of neighbors grows with more participants the security of the system increases, along with the speed of confirmation times. IOTA has currently been criticized for its still lengthy confirmation times and its current levels of centralization via their Coordinators. This centralization is due to the fact that at this moment in time the main team works as watchtower to oversee how Tangle network grows so that it does not suffer from attacks.
Consensus is reached within IOTA by means of having each node confirm two transactions before that same node is able to send a given transaction. This leads to the mantra of “the more people use IOTA, the more transactions get referenced and confirmed.” This creates an environment where transactional scaling has no limits. IOTA has no transaction fees and upon reaching high adoption the transactions ought to be very fast.
Another promising aspect about IOTA is that it has an integrated quantum-resistant algorithm, the Winternitz One-Time Signature Scheme, that would protect IOTA against an attack of future quantum computers. This without a doubt provides IOTA with much better protection against an adversary with a quantum computer when compared to Bitcoin.
ByteBall is IOTA’s most direct competitor. They both possess the same transaction speed of 100+ TPS, they both have their own respective cryptocurrencies, and they both have transparent transactions. ByteBall’s token is the ByteBall Bytes (GBYTE), with a supply of 1,000,000; currently trading at around $700. ByteBall aims to service the market with tamper proof storage for all types of data. ByteBall’s DAG also provides an escrow like system called “conditional payments;” which allows for conditional clauses before settling transactions.
Like IOTA, ByteBall is also designed to scale its transaction size to meet the needs of a global demand. ByteBall provides access to integrated bots for transactions which includes the capacity for prediction markets, P2P betting, P2P payments in chat, and P2P insurance. ByteBall’s initial coin distribution is still being awarded to BTC and Bytes holders according to the proportional amounts of BTC or Bytes that are held per wallet. IOTA, ByteBall and Hashgraph are technologies that provide us with more than enough reasons to be hopeful for 2018. In terms of the crypto market, you don’t learn it once. You have to relearn it every day because its development is so infant. If you are new to crypto and feel lost at all know that you are not alone. These technologies are constantly evolving with new competitive options in the market.
As the technologies grow the ease for adoption is set to grow alongside innovation. We are all new to this world and we are all as much in shock of its ingenuity as the next newbie. Crypto is mesmerizing not just for its volatility which is a clear indication of how connected we are now to one another, but also because of the social revolution that it represents. We are experiencing the multidirectional growth of humanity via the free market.
Meanwhile Bitcoin Is Turning Into Shitcoin
It is with a great degree of sadness that I see bitcoin is on the cusp of destroying itself. Bitcoin Core, anyway. Bitcoin Cash may be the winner from all of this once all is said and done.
Whether by design or by accident, bitcoin has become slow and expensive.
Many people point out that IF the market were to upgrade to Segwit that all would be fine. I’ll explain further below why many market participants have no incentive to upgrade to Segwit… meaning that the implementation of Segwit has been a massively risky guess that so far has not worked.
Others say that the Lightning Network (LN) will save bitcoin. I’ll point out below why that will not happen.
Lightning Networks And The Future Of Bitcoin Core
If you’ve been following bitcoin for any length of time, you’re probably aware of the significant dispute over how to scale the network. The basic problem is that although bitcoin could be used at one time to buy, say, a cup of coffee, the number of transactions being recorded on the network bid up the price per transaction so much that actually sending BTC cost more than the cup of coffee itself. Indeed, analysis showed that there were many Bitcoin addresses that had such small BTC holdings that the address itself couldn’t be used to transfer it to a different address. These are referred to as “unspendable addresses.”
In the ensuing debate, the “big blockers” wanted to increase the size of each block in the chain in order to allow for greater transaction capacity. The “small blockers” wanted to reduce the size of each transaction using a technique called Segregated Witness (SegWit) and keep the blocks in the chain limited to 1MB.
SegWit reduces the amount of data in each transaction by around 40-50%, resulting in an increased capacity from 7 transactions per second to perhaps 15.
The software engineers who currently control the Bitcoin Core code repository have stated that what Bitcoin needs is “off-chain transactions.” To do this, they have created something called Lightning Networks (LN), based on an software invention called the “two-way peg.” Put simply, the two-way peg involves creating an escrow address in Bitcoin where each party puts some bitcoin into the account, and then outside the blockchain, they exchange hypothetical Bitcoin transactions that either of them can publish on Bitcoin’s blockchain in order to pull their current agreed-upon balance out of the escrow address.
Most layman explanations of how this works describe the protocol as each party putting in an equal amount of Bitcoin into the escrow. If you and I want to start transacting off-chain, so we can have a fast, cheap payment system, we each put some Bitcoin in a multi-party address. I put in 1 BTC and you put in 1 BTC, and then we can exchange what are essentially cryptographic contracts that either of us can reveal on the bitcoin blockchain in order to exit our agreement and get our bitcoin funds.
Fortunately, it turns out that the video’s examples don’t tell the whole story. It’s possible for the escrow account to be asymmetric. See:. That is, one party can put in 1 BTC, while the other party puts in, say, 0.0001 BTC. (Core developer and forthcoming Anarchapulco speaker Jimmy Song tells us that there are game theoretic reasons why you don’t want the counterparty to have ZERO stake.)
Great! It makes sense for Starbucks to participate with their customers in Lightning Networks because when their customers open an LN channel (basically a gift card) with them for $100, they only have to put in $1 worth of Bitcoin. Each time the customer transacts on the Lightning Network, Starbucks gets an updated hypothetical transaction that they can use to cash out that gift card and collect their bitcoin.
The elephant in the room is: transaction fees. In order to establish the escrow address and thereby open the LN channel, each party has to send some amount of bitcoin to the address. And in order to cash out and get the bitcoin settlement, one party also has to initiate a transaction on the bitcoin blockchain. And to even add funds to the channel, one party has to pay a transaction fee.
Right now fees on the bitcoin blockchain vary widely and are extremely volatile. For a 1-hour confirmation transaction, the recommended fee from one wallet might be $12 US, while on another it’s $21 US. For a priority transaction of 10-20 minutes, it can range from $22-30 US. Transactions fees are based on the number of bytes in the transaction, so if both parties support SegWit (remember that?) then the fee comes down by 40-50%. So it’s between $6 and $10 US for a one hour transaction and between $11-15 for a 15 minute transaction. (SegWit transactions are prioritized by the network to some degree, so actual times may be faster)
But no matter what, both the customer and the merchant have to spend $6 each to establish that they will have a relationship and either of them has to spend $6 in order to settle out and get their bitcoin. Further, if the customer wants to “top off” their virtual gift card, that transaction costs another $6. And because it adds an address to the merchant’s eventual settlement, their cost to get their Bitcoin goes up every time that happens, so now it might cost them $9 to get their bitcoin.
Since these LN channels are essentially digital gift cards, I looked up what the cost is to retailers to sell acustomer a gift card. The merchant processor Square offers such gift cards on their retailer site. Their best price is $0.90 per card.
So the best case is that Lightning Networks are 600% more expensive than physical gift cards to distribute, since the merchant has to put a transaction into the escrow address. Further, the customer is effectively buying the gift card for an additional $6, instead of just putting up the dollar amount that goes on the card.
But it gets worse. If you get a gift card from Square, they process the payments on the card and periodically deposit cash into your bank account for a percentage fee. If you use the Lightning Network, you can only access your Bitcoin by cancelling the agreement with the customer. In other words, you have to invalidate their current gift card and force them to spend $6 on a new one! And it costs you $6 to collect your funds and another $6 to sell the new gift card!
I’m sure many of you have worked in retail. And you can understand how this would be financially infeasible. The cost of acquiring a new customer, and the amount of value that customer would have to stake just to do business with that one merchant, would be enormous to make any financial sense.
From time immemorial, when transaction costs rise, we see the creation of middlemen.
Merchants who can’t afford to establish direct channels with their customers will have to turn to middlemen, who will open LN channels for them. Instead of directly backing and cashing out their digital gift cards, they will establish relationships with entities that consolidate transactions, much like Square or Visa would do today.
Starbucks corporate or individual locations might spend a few USD on opening a payment channel with the middleman, and then once a month spend 6 USD to cash out their revenues in order to cover accounts payable.
In the meantime, the middleman also has to offer the ability to open LN channels for consumers. This still happens at a fixed initial cost, much like the annual fee for a credit card in the US. They would continue to require minimum balances, and would offer access to a network of merchants, exactly like Visa and MasterCard today.
This process requires a tremendous amount of capital because although the middleman does not have to stake Bitcoin in the consumer’s escrow account, he does have to stake it in the merchant’s account. In other words, if the Lightning Network middleman wants to do business with Starbucks to the tune of $100,000/month, he needs $100,000 of bitcoin to lock into an escrow address. And that has to happen for every merchant.
Because every month (or so) the merchants have to cash out of their bitcoin to fiat in order to pay for their cost of goods and make payroll. Even if their vendors and employees are paid in bitcoin and they have LN channels open with them, someone somewhere will want to convert to fiat, and trigger a closing channel creating a cascading settlement effect that eventually arrives at the middleman. Oh, and it triggers lots of bitcoin transactions that cost lots of fees.
Did I mention that each step in the channel is expecting a percentage of the value of the channel when it’s settled? This will come up again later.
Again, if you’ve worked in the retail business, you should be able to see how infeasible this would be. You have to buy inventory and you have to sell it to customers and every part that makes the transaction more expensive is eating away at your margins.
Further, if you’re the middleman and Starbucks closes out a channel with a $100,000 stake where they take $95,000 of the bitcoin, how do you re-open the channel? You need another $95,000 in capital. You have revenue, of course, from the consumer side of your business. Maybe you have 950 consumers that just finished off their $100 digital gift cards. So now you can cash them out to bitcoin for just $5700 in transaction fees, and lose 5.7% on the deal.
In order to make money in that kind of scenario, you have to charge LN transaction fees. And because your loss is 5.7%, you need to charge in the range of 9% to settle Lightning Network transactions. Also, you just closed out 950 customers who now have to spend $5700 to become your customer again while you have to spend $5700 to re-acquire them as customers. So maybe you need to charge more like 12%.
If you approached Starbucks and said “you can accept Bitcoin for your customers and we just need 12% of the transaction,” what are the odds that they would say yes? Even Visa only has the balls to suggest 3%, and they have thousands and thousands of times as many consumers as bitcoin.
The entire mission of bitcoin was to be faster, cheaper and better than banks, while eliminating centralized control of the currency. If the currency part of Bitcoin is driven by “off-chain transactions” while bitcoin itself remains expensive and slow, then these off-chain transactions will become the territory of centralized parties who have access to enormous amounts of capital and can charge customers exorbitant rates. We know them today as banks.
Even for banks, we have to consider what it means to tie up $100,000/month for a merchant account. That only makes sense if the exchange rate of bitcoin grows faster than the cost of retaining Bitcoin inventory. It costs nothing to store Bitcoin, but it costs a lot to acquire it. At the very least the $6 per transaction to buy it, plus the shift in its value against fiat that’s based on interest rates. As a result, it only makes sense to become a Lightning Network middleman if your store of value (bitcoin) appreciates at greater than the cost of acquiring it (interest rate of fiat.) And while interest rates are very low, that’s not a high bar to set. But to beat it, Bitcoin’s exchange rate to fiat has to outpace the best rate available to the middleman by a factor exceeding the opportunity cost of other uses of that capital.
Whatever that rate is, for bitcoin, the only reason the exchange rate changes is new entry of capital into the “price” of bitcoin. For that to work, bitcoin’s “price” must continue to rise faster than the cost of capital for holding it. So far this has happened, but it’s a market gamble for it to continue.
Since it happens because of new capital entering into the bitcoin network and thus increasing the market cap, this results in Bitcoin Core becoming the very thing that its detractors accuse it of: a Ponzi scheme. The cost of transacting in Bitcoin becomes derived from the cost of holding bitcoin and becomes derived from the cost of entering bitcoin.
Every middleman has to place a bet on the direction of bitcoin in a given period. And in theory, if they think the trend is against Bitcoin, then they’ll cash out and shut down all the payment channels that they transact. If they bought bitcoin at $15,000, and they see it dropping to $13,000 — they’ll probably cash out their merchant channels and limit their risk of a further drop. The consumer side doesn’t matter so much because their exposure is only 1%, but the merchant side is where they had to stake everything.
If you’re wondering why this information is not widely known, it’s because most bitcoin proponents don’t transact in bitcoin on a regular basis. They may be HODLing, but they aren’t doing business in bitcoin.
Through Anarchapulco, TDV does frequent and substantial business in bitcoin, and we’ve paid fees over $150 in order to consolidate ticket sale transactions into single addresses that can be redeemed for fiat to purchase stage equipment for the conference.
For Bitcoin to be successful at a merchant level via Lightning Networks, we will have to see blockchain transactions become dramatically cheaper. If they return to the sub-$1 range, we might have a chance with centralized middlemen, but only with a massive stabilization of volatility. If they return to $0.10, we might have a chance with direct channels.
Otherwise, Lightning Networks can’t save bitcoin as a means of everyday transaction. And since that takes away its utility, it might very well take away the basis of its value and bitcoin could find itself truly being a tulip bubble.
One final note: there are a some parties for whom all these transactions are dramatically cheaper. That is the cryptocurrency exchanges. Because they are the entry and exit points for bitcoin-to-fiat, they can eliminate a layer of transaction costs and thus offer much more competitive rates — as long as you keep your bitcoin in their vaults instead of securing it yourselves.
Sending it out of their control lessens their competitive advantage against other means of storage. It comes as no surprise, then, that they are the least advanced in implementing the SegWit technology that would improve transaction costs and speed. If you buy bitcoin on Poloniex, it works better for them if it’s expensive for you to move that coin to your Trezor.
In fact, an exchange offering Lightning Network channels to merchants could potentially do the following…
1) Stake bitcoins in channels with merchants. These coins may or may not be funds that are held by their customers. There is no way to know.
2) Offer customers “debit card” accounts for those merchants that are backed by the Lightning network
3) Establish middle addresses for the customer accounts and the merchant addresses on the Lightning Network.
4) Choose to ignore double-spends between the customer accounts and the merchant addresses, because they don’t actually have to stake the customer side. They can just pretend to since they control the customer’s keys.
5) Inflate their bitcoin holdings up to the stake from the merchants, since the customers will almost never cash out in practice.
In other words, Lightning Networks allow exchanges a clear path to repeating Mtgox; lie to the consumer about their balance while keeping things clean with the merchant. In other words, establish a fractional reserve approach to bitcoin.
So, to summarize, Bitcoin Core decided increasing the blocksize from 1mb to 2-8mb was “too risky” and decided to create Segwit instead which the market has not adopted. When asked when bitcoin will be faster and less expensive to transfer most Bitcoin Core adherents say the Lightning Network will fix the problems.
But, as I’ve just shown, the LN makes no sense for merchants to use and will likely result in banks taking over LN nodes and making BTC similar to Visa and Mastercard but more expensive. And, will likely result in exchanges becoming like banks of today and having fractional reserve systems which makes bitcoin not much better than the banking system of today.
Or, people can switch to Bitcoin Cash, which just increased the blocksize and has much faster transaction times at a fraction of the cost.
I’ve begun to sell some of my bitcoin holdings because of what is going on. I’ve increased my Bitcoin Cash holdings and also increased my holdings of Dash, Monero, Litecoin and our latest recommendation, Zcash.
Other News & Crypto Tidbits
When bitcoin surpassed $17,600 in December it surpassed the total value of the IMF’s Special Drawing Rights (SDR) currency.
Meanwhile, Alexei Kireyev of the IMF put out his working paper, “ The Macroeconomics of De-Cashing ,” where he advises abolishing cash without having the public aware of the process.
Countries such as Russia are considering creating a cryptocurrency backed by oil to get around the US dollar and the US dollar banking system. Venezuela is as well although we highly doubt it will be structured properly or function well given the communist government’s track record of destroying two fiat currencies in the last decade.
To say that the US dollar is being attacked on every level is not an understatement. Cryptocurrencies threaten the entire monetary and financial system while oil producing countries look to move away from the US dollar to their own oil backed cryptocurrency.
And all this as bitcoin surpassed the value of the IMF’s SDR in December and in 2017 the US dollar had its largest drop versus other currencies since 2003.
And cryptocurrency exchanges have begun to surpass even the NASDAQ and NYSE in terms of revenue. Bittrex, as one example, had $3 billion in volume on just one day in December. At a 0.5% fee per trade that equaled $15m in revenue in just one day. If that were to continue for 365 days it would mean $5.4 billion in annual revenue which is more than the NASDAQ or NYSE made this year.
Conclusion
I never would have guessed how high the cryptocurrencies went this year. My price target for bitcoin in 2017 was $3,500! That was made in late 2016 when bitcoin was near $700 and many people said I was crazy.
Things are speeding up much faster than even I could have imagined. And it is much more than just making money. These technologies, like cryptocurrencies, blockchains and beyond connect us in a more profound way than Facebook would ever be able to. We are now beginning to be connected in ways we never even thought of; and to some degree still do not understand. These connections within this completely free market are deep and meaningful.
This is sincerely beautiful because we are constantly presented with an ever growing buffet of competing protocols selling us their best efforts in providing harmony within the world. What all of these decentralized and distributed consensus building technologies have in common is that they connect us to the world and to each other. Where we are going we don’t need foolish and trite Facebook’s emojis.
As we close a successful 2017 we look with optimism towards a much more prosperous 2018. The Powers That Shouldn’t Be (TPTSB) can’t stop us. As we move forward note how much crypto will teach you about ourselves and the world. In a radical free market making our own bets will continue to be a process of self discovery. Crypto will show us the contours of our fears, the contours of our greed, and will constantly challenge us to do our best with the knowledge we have.
Remember, randomness and innovation are proper to the happenstance nature of a true digital free market.
Happy New Year fellow freedom lovers!
And, as always, thank you for subscribing!
Jeff Berwick
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Trading Cryptocurrency Markets

Hello! My name is Slava Mikhalkin, I am a Project Owner of Crowdsale platform at Platinum, the company that knows how to start any ICO or STO in 2019.
If you want to avoid headaches with launching process, we can help you with ICO and STO advertising and promotion. See the full list of our services: Platinum.fund
I am also happy to be a part of the UBAI, the first educational institution providing the most effective online education on blockchain! We can teach you how to do ICO/STO in 2019. Today I want to tell you how to sell and transfer cryptocurrencies.
Major Exchanges
In finance, an exchange is a forum or platform for trading commodities, derivatives, securities or other financial instruments. The principle concern of an exchange is to allow trading between parties to take place in a fair and legally compliant manner, as well as to ensure that pricing information for any instrument traded on the exchange is reliable and coherently delivered to exchange participants. In the cryptocurrency space exchanges are online platforms that allow users to trade cryptocurrencies or digital currencies for fiat money or other cryptocurrencies. They can be centralized exchanges such a Binance, or decentralized exchanges such as IDEX. Most cryptocurrency exchanges allow users to trade different crypto assets with BTC or ETH after having already exchanged fiat currency for one of those cryptocurrencies. Coinbase and Kraken are the main avenue for fiat money to enter into the cryptocurrency ecosystem.
Function and History
Crypto exchanges can be market-makers that take bid/ask spreads as a commission on the transaction for facilitating the trade, or more often charge a small percentage fee for operating the forum in which the trade was made. Most crypto exchanges operate outside of Western countries, enabling them to avoid stringent financial regulations and the potential for costly and lengthy legal proceedings. These entities will often maintain bank accounts in multiple jurisdictions, allowing the exchange to accept fiat currency and process transactions from customers all over the globe.
The concept of a digital asset exchange has been around since the late 2000s and the following initial attempts at running digital asset exchanges foreshadows the trouble involved in attempting to disrupt the operation of the fiat currency baking system. The trading of digital or electronic assets predate Bitcoin’s creation by several years, with the first electronic trading entities running afoul of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) in late 2004. Companies such as Goldex, SydneyGoldSales, and Ozzigold, shut down voluntarily after ASIC found that they were operating without an Australian Financial Services License. E-Gold, which exchanged fiat USD for grams of precious metals in digital form, was possibly the first digital currency exchange as we know it, allowing users to make instant transfers to the accounts of other E-Gold members. At its peak in 2006 E-Gold processed $2 billion worth of transactions and boasted a user base of over 5 million people.
Popular Exchanges
Here we will give a brief overview of the features and operational history of the more popular and higher volume exchanges because these are the platforms to which newer traders will be exposed. These exchanges are recommended to use because they are the industry standard and they inspire the most confidence.
Bitfinex
Owned and operated by iFinex Inc, the cryptocurrency trading platform Bitfinex was the largest Bitcoin exchange on the planet until late 2017. Headquartered in Hong Kong and based in the US Virgin Island, Bitfinex was one of the first exchanges to offer leveraged trading (“Margin trading allows a trader to open a position with leverage. For example — we opened a margin position with 2X leverage. Our base assets had increased by 10%. Our position yielded 20% because of the 2X leverage. Standard trades are traded with leverage of 1:1”) and also pioneered the use of the somewhat controversial, so-called “stable coin” Tether (USDT).
Binance
Binance is an international multi-language cryptocurrency exchange that rose from the mid-rank of cryptocurrency exchanges to become the market dominating behemoth we see today. At the height of the late 2017/early 2018 bull run, Binance was adding around 2 million new users per week! The exchange had to temporarily disallow new registrations because its servers simply could not keep up with that volume of business. After the temporary ban on new users was lifted the exchange added 240,000 new accounts within two hours.
Have you ever thought whats the role of the cypto exchanges? The answer is simple! There are several different types of exchanges that cater to different needs within the ecosystem, but their functions can be described by one or more of the following: To allow users to convert fiat currency into cryptocurrency. To trade BTC or ETH for alt coins. To facilitate the setting of prices for all crypto assets through an auction market mechanism. Simply put, you can either mine cryptocurrencies or purchase them, and seeing as the mining process requires the purchase of expensive mining equipment, Cryptocurrency exchanges can be loosely grouped into one of the 3 following exchange types, each with a slightly different role or combination of roles.
Have you ever thought about what are the types of Crypto exchanges?
  1. Traditional Cryptocurrency Exchange: These are the type that most closely mimic traditional stock exchanges where buyers and sellers trade at the current market price of whichever asset they want, with the exchange acting as the intermediary and charging a small fee for facilitating the trade. Kraken and GDAX are examples of this kind of cryptocurrency exchange. Fully peer-to-peer exchanges that operate without a middleman include EtherDelta, and IDEX, which are also examples of decentralized exchanges.
  2. Cryptocurrency Brokers: These are website or app based exchanges that act like a Travelex or other bureau-de-change. They allow customers to buy or sell crypto assets at a price set by the broker (usually market price plus a small premium). Coinbase is an example of this kind of exchange.
  3. Direct Trading Platform: These platforms offer direct peer-to-peer trading between buyers and sellers, but don’t use an exchange platform in doing so. These types of exchanges do not use a set market rate; rather, sellers set their own rates. This is a highly risky form of trading, from which new users should shy away.
To understand how an exchange functions we need only look as far as a traditional stock exchange. Most all the features of a cryptocurrency exchange are analogous to features of trading on a traditional stock exchange. In the simplest terms, the exchanges fulfil their role as the main marketplace for crypto assets of all kinds by catering to buyers or sellers. These are some definitions for the basic functions and features to know: Market Orders: Orders that are executed instantly at the current market price. Limit Order: This is an order that will only be executed if and when the price has risen to or dropped to that price specified by the trader and is also within the specified period of time. Transaction fees: Exchanges will charge transactions fees, usually levied on both the buyer and the seller, but sometimes only the seller is charged a fee. Fees vary on different exchanges though the norm is usually below 0.75%. Transfer charges: The exchange is in effect acting as a sort of escrow agent, to ensure there is no foul play, so it might also charge a small fee when you want to withdraw cryptocurrency to your own wallet.
Regulatory Environment and Evolution
Cryptocurrency has come a long way since the closing down of the Silk Road darknet market. The idea of crypto currency being primarily for criminals, has largely been seen as totally inaccurate and outdated. In this section we focus on the developing regulations surrounding the cryptocurrency asset class by region, and we also look at what the future may hold.
The United States of America
A coherent uniform approach at Federal or State level has yet to be implemented in the United States. The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network published guidelines as early as 2013 suggesting that BTC and other cryptos may fall under the label of “money transmitters” and thus would be required to take part in the same Anti-money Laundering (AML) and Know your Client (KYC) procedures as other money service businesses. At the state level, Texas applies its existing finance laws. And New York has instituted an entirely new licensing system.
The European Union
The EU’s approach to cryptocurrency has generally been far more accommodating overall than the United States, partly due to the adaptable nature of pre-existing laws governing electronic money that predated the creation of Bitcoin. As with the USA, the EU’s main fear is money laundering and criminality. The European Central Bank (ECB) categorized BTC as a “convertible decentralized currency” and advised all central banks in the EU to refrain from trading any cryptocurrencies until the proper regulatory framework was put in place. A task force was then set up by the European Parliament in order to prevent and investigate any potential money laundering that was making use of the new technology.
Likely future regulations for cryptocurrency traders within the European Union and North America will probably consist of the following proposals: The initiation of full KYC procedures so that users cannot remain fully anonymous, in order to prevent tax evasion and curtail money laundering. Caps on payments that can be made in cryptocurrency, similar to caps on traditional cash transactions. A set of rules governing tax obligations regarding cryptocurrencies Regulation by the ECB of any companies that offer exchanges between cryptocurrencies and fiat currencies It is less likely for other countries to follow the Chinese approach and completely ban certain aspects of cryptocurrency trading. It is widely considered more progressive and wiser to allow the technology to grow within a balanced accommodative regulatory framework that takes all interests and factors into consideration. It is probable that the most severe form of regulation will be the formation of new governmental bodies specifically to form laws and exercise regulatory control over the cryptocurrency space. But perhaps that is easier said than done. It may, in certain cases, be incredibly difficult to implement particular regulations due to the anonymous and decentralized nature of crypto.
Behavior of Cryptocurrency Investors by Demographic
Due to the fact that cryptocurrency has its roots firmly planted in the cryptography community, the vast majority of early adopters are representative of that group. In this section we cover the basic structure of the cryptocurrency market cycle and the makeup of the community at large, as well as the reasons behind different trading decisions.
The Cryptocurrency Market Cycle
Bitcoin leads the bull rally. FOMO (Fear of missing out) occurs, the price surge is a constant topic of mainstream news, business programs cover the story, and social media is abuzz with cryptocurrency chatter. Bitcoin reaches new All Timehigh (ATH) Market euphoria is fueled with even more hype and the cycle is in full force. There is a constant stream of news articles and commentary on the meteoric, seemingly unstoppable rise of Bitcoin. Bitcoin’s price “stabilizes”, In the 2017 bull run this was at or around $14,000. A number of solid, large market cap altcoins rise along with Bitcoin; ETH & LTC leading the altcoins at this time. FOMO comes into play, as the new ATH in market cap is reached by pumping of a huge number of alt coins.
Top altcoins “somewhat” stabilize, after reaching new all-time highs. The frenzy continues with crypto success stories, notable figures and famous people in the news. A majority of lesser known cryptocurrencies follow along on the upward momentum. Newcomers are drawn deeper into crypto and sign up for exchanges other than the main entry points like Coinbase and Kraken. In 2017 this saw Binance inundated with new registrations. Some of the cheapest coins are subject to massive pumping, such as Tron TRX which saw a rise in market cap from $150 million at the start of December 2017 to a peak of $16 billion! At this stage, even dead coins or known scams will get pumped. The price of the majority of cryptocurrencies stabilize, and some begin to retract. When the hype is subsiding after a huge crypto bull run, it is a massive sell signal. Traditional investors will begin to give interviews about how people need to be careful putting money into such a highly volatile asset class. Massive violent correction begins and the market starts to collapse. BTC begins to fall consistently on a daily basis, wiping out the insane gains of many medium to small cap cryptos with it. Panic selling sweeps through the market. Depression sets in, both in the markets, and in the minds of individual investors who failed to take profits, or heed the signs of imminent collapse. The price stagnation can last for months, or even years.
The Influence of Age upon Trading
Did you know? Cryptocurrencies have been called “stocks for millennials” According to a survey conducted by the Global Blockchain Business Council, only 5% of the American public own any bitcoin, but of those that do, an overwhelming majority of 71% are men, 58% of them are between the ages of 18 and 35, and over half of them are minorities. The same survey gauged public attitude toward the high risk/high return nature of cryptocurrency, in comparison to more secure guaranteed small percentage gains offered by government bonds or stocks, and found that 30% would rather invest $1,000 in crypto. Over 42% of millennials were aware of cryptocurrencies as opposed to only 15% of those ages 65 and over. In George M. Korniotis and Alok Kumar’s study into the effects of aging on portfolio management and the quality of decisions made by older investors, they found “that older and experienced investors are more likely to follow “rules of thumb” that reflect greater investment knowledge. However, older investors are less effective in applying their investment knowledge and exhibit worse investment skill, especially if they are less educated and earn lower income.”
Geographic Influence upon Trading
One of the main drivers of the apparent seasonal ebb and flow of cryptocurrency prices is the tax situation in the various territories that have the highest concentrations of cryptocurrency holders. Every year we see an overall market pull back beginning in mid to late January, with a recovery beginning usually after April. This is because “Tax Season” is roughly the same across Europe and the United States, with the deadline for Income tax returns being April 15th in the United States, and the tax year officially ending the UK on the 6th of April. All capital gains must be declared before the window closes or an American trader will face the powerful and long arm of the IRS with the consequent legal proceedings and possible jail time. Capital gains taxes around the world vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction but there are often incentives for cryptocurrency holders to refrain from trading for over a year to qualify their profits as long term gain when they finally sell. In the US and Australia, for example, capital gains are reduced if you bought cryptocurrency for investment purposes and held it for over a year. In Germany if crypto assets are held for over a year then the gains derived from their sale are not taxed. Advantages like this apply to individual tax returns, on a case by case basis, and it is up to the investor to keep up to date with the tax codes of the territory in which they reside.
2013 Bull run vs 2017 Bull run price Analysis
In late 2016 cryptocurrency traders were faced with the task of distinguishing between the beginnings of a genuine bull run and what might colorfully be called a “dead cat bounce” (in traditional market terminology). Stagnation had gripped the market since the pull-back of early 2014. The meteoric rise of Bitcoin’s price in 2013 peaked with a price of $1,100 in November 2013, after a year of fantastic news on the adoption front with both Microsoft and PayPal offering BTC payment options. It is easy to look at a line going up on a chart and speak after the fact, but at the time, it is exceeding difficult to say whether the cat is actually climbing up the wall, or just bouncing off the ground. Here, we will discuss the factors that gave savvy investors clues as to why the 2017 bull run was going to outstrip the 2013 rally. Hopefully this will help give insight into how to differentiate between the signs of a small price increase and the start of a full scale bull run. Most importantly, Volume was far higher in 2017. As we can see in the graphic below, the 2017 volume far exceeds the volume of BTC trading during the 2013 price increase. The stranglehold MtGox held on trading made a huge bull run very difficult and unlikely.
Fraud & Immoral Activity in the Private Market
Ponzi Schemes Cryptocurrency Ponzi schemes will be covered in greater detail in Lesson 7, but we need to get a quick overview of the main features of Ponzi schemes and how to spot them at this point in our discussion. Here are some key indicators of a Ponzi scheme, both in cryptocurrencies and traditional investments: A guaranteed promise of high returns with little risk. Consistentflow of returns regardless of market conditions. Investments that have not been registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Investment strategies that are a secret, or described as too complex. Clients not allowed to view official paperwork for their investment. Clients have difficulties trying to get their money back. The initial members of the scheme, most likely unbeknownst to the later investors, are paid their “dividends” or “profits” with new investor cash. The most famous modern-day example of a Ponzi scheme in the traditional world, is Bernie Madoff’s $100 billion fraudulent enterprise, officially titled Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities LLC. And in the crypto world, BitConnect is the most infamous case of an entirely fraudulent project which boasted a market cap of $2 billion at its peak.
What are the Exchange Hacks?
The history of cryptocurrency is littered with examples of hacked exchanges, some of them so severe that the operation had to be wound up forever. As we have already discussed, incredibly tech savvy and intelligent computer hackers led by Alexander Vinnik stole 850000 BTC from the MtGox exchange over a period from 2012–2014 resulting in the collapse of the exchange and a near-crippling hammer blow to the emerging asset class that is still being felt to this day. The BitGrail exchange suffered a similar style of attack in late 2017 and early 2018, in which Nano (XRB) was stolen that was at one point was worth almost $195 million. Even Bitfinex, one of the most famous and prestigious exchanges, has suffered a hack in 2016 where $72 million worth of BTC was stolen directly from customer accounts.
Hardware Wallet Scam Case Study
In late 2017, an unfortunate character on Reddit, going by the name of “moody rocket” relayed his story of an intricate scam in which his newly acquired hardware wallet was compromised, and his $34,000 life savings were stolen. He bought a second hand Nano ledger into which the scammers own recover seed had already been inserted. He began using the ledger without knowing that the default seed being used was not a randomly assigned seed. After a few weeks the scammer struck, and withdrew all the poor HODLer’s XRP, Dash and Litecoin into their own wallet (likely through a few intermediary wallets to lessen the very slim chances of being identified).
Hardware Wallet Scam Case Study Social Media Fraud
Many gullible and hapless twitter users have fallen victim to the recent phenomenon of scammers using a combination of convincing fake celebrity twitter profiles and numerous amounts of bots to swindle them of ETH or BTC. The scammers would set up a profile with a near identical handle to a famous figure in the tech sphere, such as Vitalik Buterin or Elon Musk. And then in the tweet, immediately following a genuine message, follow up with a variation of “Bonus give away for the next 100 lucky people, send me 0.1 ETH and I will send you 1 ETH back”, followed by the scammers ether wallet address. The next 20 or so responses will be so-called sockpuppet bots, thanking the fake account for their generosity. Thus, the pot is baited and the scammers can expect to receive potentially hundreds of donations of 0.1 Ether into their wallet. Many twitter users with a large follower base such as Vitalik Buterin have taken to adding “Not giving away ETH” to their username to save careless users from being scammed.
Market Manipulation
It also must be recognized that market manipulation is taking place in cryptocurrency. For those with the financial means i.e. whales, there are many ways in which to control the market in a totally immoral and underhanded way for your own profit. It is especially easy to manipulate cryptos that have a very low trading volume. The manipulator places large buy orders or sell walls to discourage price action in one way or the other. Insider trading is also a significant problem in cryptocurrency, as we saw with the example of blatant insider trading when Bitcoin Cash was listed on Coinbase.
Examples of ICO Fraudulent Company Behavior
In the past 2 years an astronomical amount of money has been lost in fraudulent Initial Coin Offerings. The utmost care and attention must be employed before you invest. We will cover this area in greater detail with a whole lesson devoted to the topic. However, at this point, it is useful to look at the main instances of ICO fraud. Among recent instances of fraudulent ICOs resulting in exit scams, 2 of the most infamous are the Benebit and PlexCoin ICOs which raised $4 million for the former and $15 million for the latter. Perhaps the most brazen and damaging ICO scam of all time was the Vietnamese Pincoin ICO operation, where $660million was raised from 32,000 investors before the scammer disappeared with the funds. In case of smaller ICO “exit scamming” there is usually zero chance of the scammers being found. Investors must just take the hit. We will cover these as well as others in Lesson 7 “Scam Projects”.
Signposts of Fraudulent Actors
The following factors are considered red flags when investigating a certain project or ICO, and all of them should be considered when deciding whether or not you want to invest. Whitepaper is a buzzword Salad: If the whitepaper is nothing more than a collection of buzzwords with little clarity of purpose and not much discussion of the tech involved, it is overwhelmingly likely you are reading a scam whitepaper.
Signposts of Fraudulent Actors §2
No Code Repository: With the vast majority of cryptocurrency projects employing open source code, your due diligence investigation should start at GitHub or Sourceforge. If the project has no entries, or nothing but cloned code, you should avoid it at all costs. Anonymous Team: If the team members are hard to find, or if you see they are exaggerating or lying about their experience, you should steer clear. And do not forget, in addition to taking proper precautions when investing in ICOs, you must always make sure that you are visiting authentic web pages, especially for web wallets. If, for example, you are on a spoof MyEtherWallet web page you could divulge your private key without realizing it and have your entire portfolio of Ether and ERC-20 tokens cleaned out.
Methods to Avoid falling Victim
Avoiding scammers and the traps they set for you is all about asking yourself the right questions, starting with: Is there a need for a Blockchain solution for the particular problem that a particular ICO is attempting to solve? The existing solution may be less costly, less time consuming, and more effective than the proposals of a team attempting to fill up their soft cap in an ICO. The following quote from Mihai Ivascu, the CEO of Modex, should be kept in mind every time you are grading an ICO’s chances of success: “I’m pretty sure that 95% of ICOswill not last, and many will go bankrupt. ….. not everything needs to be decentralized and put on an open source ledger.”
Methods to Avoid falling Victim §2 Do I Trust These People with My Money, or Not?
If you continue to feel uneasy about investing in the project, more due diligence is needed. The developers must be qualified and competent enough to complete the objectives that they have set out in the whitepaper.
Is this too good to be true?
All victims of the well-known social media scams using fake profiles of Vitalik Buterin, or Bitconnect investors for that matter, should have asked themselves this simple question, and their investment would have been saved. In the case of Bitconnect, huge guaranteed gains proportional to the amount of people you can get to sign up was a blatant pyramid scheme, obviously too good to be true. The same goes for Fake Vitalik’s offer of 1 ether in exchange for 0.1 ETH.
Selling Cryptocurrencies, Several reasons for selling with the appropriate actions to take:
If you are selling to buy into an ICO, or maybe believe Ether is a safer currency to hold for a certain period of time, it is likely you will want to make use of the Ether pair and receive Ether in return. Obviously if the ICO is on the NEO or WANchain blockchain for example, you will use the appropriate pair. -Trading to buy into another promising project that is listing on the exchange on which you are selling (or you think the exchange will experience a large amount of volume and become a larger exchange), you may want to trade your cryptocurrency for that exchange token. -If you believe that BTC stands a good chance of experiencing a bull run then using the BTC trading pair is the suitable choice. -If you believe that the market is about to experience a correction but you do not want to take your gains out of the market yet, selling for Tether or “tethering up” is the best play. This allows you to keep your locked-in profits on the exchange, unaffected by the price movements in the cryptocurrency markets,so that you can buy back in at the most profitable moment. -If you wish to “cash out” i.e. sell your cryptocurrency for fiat currency and have those funds in your bank account, the best pair to use is ETH or BTC because you will likely have to transfer to an exchange like Kraken or Coinbase to convert them into fiat. If the exchange offers Litecoin or Bitcoin Cash pairs it could be a good idea to use these for their fast transaction time and low fees.
Selling Cryptocurrencies
Knowing when and how to sell, as well as strategies to inflate the value of your trade before sale, are important skills as a trader of any product or financial instrument. If you are satisfied that the sale itself of the particular amount of a token or coin you are trading away is the right one, then you must decide at what price you are going to sell. Exchanges exercise their own discretion as to which trading “pairs” they will offer, but the most common ones are BTC, ETH, BNB for Binance, BIX for Bibox etc., and sometimes Tether (USDT) or NEO. As a trader, you decide which particular cryptocurrency to exchange depending on your reason for making that specific trade at that time.
Methods of Sale
Market sell/Limit sell on exchange: A limit sell is an order placed on an exchange to sell as soon as (also specifically only if and when) the price you specified has been hit within the time limit you select. A market order executes the sale immediately at the best possible price offered by the market at that exact time. OTC (or Over the Counter) selling refers to sale of securities or cryptocurrencies in any method without using an exchange to intermediate the trade and set the price. The most common way of conducting sales in this manner is through LocalBitcoins.com. This method of cryptocurrency selling is far riskier than using an exchange, for obvious reasons.
The influence and value of your Trade
There are a number of strategies you can use to appreciate the value of your trade and thus increase the Bitcoin or Ether value of your portfolio. It is important to disassociate yourself from the dollar value of your portfolio early on in your cryptocurrency trading career simply because the crypto market is so volatile you will end up pulling your hair out in frustration following the real dollar money value of your holdings. Once your funds have been converted into BTC and ETH they are completely in the crypto sphere. (Some crypto investors find it more appropriate to monitor the value of their portfolio in satoshi or gwei.) Certainly not limited to, but especially good for beginners, the most reliable way to increase your trading profits, and thus the overall value and health of your portfolio, is to buy into promising projects, hold them for 6 months to a year, and then reevaluate. This is called Long term holding and is the tactic that served Bitcoin HODLers quite well, from 2013 to the present day. Obviously, if something comes to light about the project that indicates a lengthy set back is likely, it is often better to cut your losses and sell. You are better off starting over and researching other projects. Also, you should set initial Price Points at which you first take out your original investment, and then later, at which you take out all your profits and exit the project. That should be after you believe the potential for growth has been exhausted for that particular project.
Another method of increasing the value of your trades is ICO flipping. This is the exact opposite of long term holding. This is a technique in which you aim for fast profits taking advantage of initial enthusiasm in the market that may double or triple the value of ICO projects when they first come to market. This method requires some experience using smaller exchanges like IDEX, on which project tokens can be bought and sold before listing on mainstream exchanges. “Tethering up” means to exchange tokens or coins for the USDT stable coin, the value of which is tethered to the US Dollar. If you learn, or know how to use, technical analysis, it is possible to predict when a market retreatment is likely by looking at the price movements of BTC. If you decide a market pull back is likely, you can tether up and maintain the dollar value of your portfolio in tether while other tokens and coins decrease in value. The you wait for an opportune moment to reenter the market.
Market Behavior in Different Time Periods
The main descriptors used for overall market sentiment are “Bull Market” and “Bear Market”. The former describes a market where people are buying on optimism. The latter describes a market where people are selling on pessimism. Fun (or maybe not) fact: The California grizzly bear was brought to extinction by the love of bear baiting as a sport in the mid 1800s. Bears were highly sought after for their intrinsic fighting qualities, and were forced into fighting bulls as Sunday morning entertainment for Californians. What has this got to do with trading and financial markets? The downward swipe of the bear’s paws gives a “Bear market” its name and the upward thrust of a Bull’s horns give the “Bull Market” its name. Most unfortunately for traders, the bear won over 80% of the bouts. During a Bull market, optimism can sometimes grow to be seemingly boundless, volume is rising, and prices are ascending. It can be a good idea to sell or rebalance your portfolio at such a time, especially if you have a particularly large position in one holding or another. This is especially applicable if you need to sell a large amount of a relatively low-volume holding, because you can then do so without dragging the price down by the large size of your own sell order.
Learn more on common behavioral patterns observed so far in the cryptocurrency space for different coins and ICO tokens.
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OHCC Exchange Partnership and the fractional exchanges that support it. Your exchange may be counterfeiting cryptocurrency!

OHCC Exchange Partnership
OHCC is the behind-the-scenes trading that goes on between the big three chinese exchanges - OKCoin, Huobi, and BTC China. Many of the players in this partnership deal with long/short loan trading and freely join their reserves via a trust agreement. The owners of these exchanges were unsatisfied with the meager income they earn from transaction fees, so they came up with a solution. During this current Chinese National holiday til the 8th of october, all banks are closed, this would be the perfect time to unleash the plan to the market..
They noticed that everytime favorable news came out, huge market moves would happen, so, the exchange owners would create counterfeit fiat on each exchange in order to foster optimism about the future market for the buyers on the exchange. Whenever the markets were to go bad, they would to do the opposite. In order to amplify downwards movement on the exchanges, “war bots” were created that push the markets down in an aggressive manner, causing margin calls and generating profit for their trading partners.
http://i.imgur.com/9Q0xTet.png
Employing traders with large fractional reserves, OHCC uses these fictitious funds in order to garner more real money deposits via leading recharge code sellers. In order to prevent the loss of the counterfeited currency, collusion between exchange owners must be done at the same moment. BTCChina decided that due to losses of funds in the past caused by bad encryption and bugs in the system, they needed to partner together and now think that the best hope to regain funds is to bring the price down to zero, in order to buy as much coin as possible and refill said reserves. Their counterparties in other exchanges agreed that they will aso use the same means, in order to collude and gain profits on their own reserve accounts. It is made to look that everyone is competing on the surface, but in private there is a mutual understanding within the industry that those who remain silent will receive the benefits of silence.
Yesterday's Litecoin crash, combined between all the exchanges had turnovers as high as 20 million coins moved, way more than the sum of all the transactions made within the past week and the day before the transaction currency trading market volume closed at 35 million LTC, while the total LTC in circulation is only 31 million! This means that regardless of how much money you have to buy the dips, many will be put into the bottomless black hole.
Public reserve is intended to ensure that the exchanges cannot fake these funds and ensure that that each is at 100 percent reserve, which is to have a completely open Bitcoin wallet address for both the cold and hot wallet, to ensure that they do not create counterfeited currency.
Not open exchange reserves
Yes, the above story is happening around us. Many players excessive dependence on trading platform, the coins stored in the platform, and trading platform does not fulfill its obligations disclosed reserves. Caused a trading platform for profit making counterfeit money to manipulate the market and malicious trick users into real money.
So, how should users involved in this market protect themselves?
1) Do not store in Bitcoin and other platforms! If you're long-term bullish market, then Bitcoin, and Litecoin should be stored in their wallet. Some platforms will be committed borrowing interest, do not because of the platform for the petty and the coins and other bits on the platform, and finally you get the benefits far outweigh the losses!
You just put the coins and other bits emerged, the trading platform will mention now facing pressure. Such power can be reduced more or less of them false.
OpenBlock
MultiBit
2) Use legal weapons to protect themselves, and urge the public to prepare gold trading platform. If you feel your rights have been infringed, the user should actively protect their legitimate rights and interests with legal weapons. False trading trading platform is an offense, the player must zero tolerance.
3) Vote with their feet, leaving no open exchange reserves, to publicly exchange reserves to deal. Now open reserve all transactions:
chbtc
796 Futures has a open reserve for both hot and cold wallet as well as all member wallets
Peatio
No public exchange reserves should be open as soon as possible to prepare gold proved reserves include the number of hosted prove cold wallet address and user renminbi. You must ensure that the trader is not real money in exchange for false then the exchange of digital databases.
The method proved reserves See: proof-of-solvency
Ending OHCC Exchange
http://i.imgur.com/njub1Nr.jpg
The largest Bitcoin exchange MTGOX previously collapsed with bankruptcy and no funds for partners seem to be recoverable. With their collapse the crazy behavior of the Willy bot still vivid in our memories. So what will be the final outcome of OHCC exchange? Will OHCC Exchange will become the second MTGOX? To be honest, the editors do not know the fate of the players involved, as it is in their own hands.
submitted by trixisowned to BitcoinMarkets [link] [comments]

[For Beginners] How to buy LTC!

I've been watching the LTC market for a while and bought my first lot today. For beginners who don't know where or how to buy LTC this is how I did it.
  1. Wherever you buy BTC, whether it may be Bitstamp, MtGox etc.. buy a set of Bitcoins.
  2. Go to btc-e.com and create an account.
  3. Send your [purchased] Bitcoins to your btc-e.com account (Top right, click Finances -> In the BTC row, click Deposit and at the bottom you'll have your address).
  4. Once your Bitcoins have been transferred to your Btc-e account, go to the homepage .. you will see a set of buttons (BTC/USD, BTC/RUR etc..) Click on LTC/BTC .. you will be purchasing Litecoins with your Bitcoins .. I've read that transferring USD directly into your btc-e account is a major hassle so this is the quickest and most efficient way!
So if you're new, I hope this post helps you! Because I must say, I was struggling to get started with LTC a couple weeks ago :)
Happy LTCin' and enjoy the ride :)
PS. Please vote up if you find this helpful! PSS. If you know of an even more convenient way please share in the comments!
submitted by mizq to litecoin [link] [comments]

GAWminers.com / Paycoin / Josh Garza has the potential to destroy or gravely set back the cryptocurrency revolution. Here is why.

Gawminers right now is initiating fraud that is beyond the scope of most bitcoin scams, maybe second only to MTGOX.
They are misrepresenting their products and fraudulently shifting hidden risks to customers. Here are my claims
  1. They are selling virtual hashes without the actual machines backing it.
  2. They falsify payouts according to pools that never existed or never received hashes from GAW.
  3. They are known and have been caught using shill accounts. Not just the company but the CEO himself. Josh Garza.
  4. They are just generally immature assholes that will ruin the fun for everyone because of their unethical character and greed.
Here are the reasons why I submit my claims based upon public evidence:
Josh Garza publicly stated that the payouts from his virtual hashing machines are from a combination of mining, day trading, and private rentals. https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=720844.msg8601489#msg8601489 Nothing on the product page mentions day trading and it is misrepresentation of risks by omitting such evidence.
None of the pool owners listed on the gawminers website confirmed ever receiving hashes from GAWminers. You can go email them yourself.
The most obvious reason they do not have physical mining hardware would be to read the gawminers TOS. Here: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=720844.msg8605520#msg8605520
Their Zenpool had consistently paid 2x more than other multipools during the beginning of the launch. Their fake zenpool speed counter went up to 300MHS when it was displayed publicly here: https://www.zenminer.com/pool/ until they realized they are claiming to own more than 50% of the total litecoin network at the time. That is when the counter disappeared when people began to question the enormous scope of their fake mining operation.
The zenpool is a farce. It is fake and it just simulates ponzi payouts. Which was confirmed when the payouts predictably dropped more then 100% few weeks ago and even lower than some of the other multipools. Josh publicly stated this was because "investors" were not buying big contracts. He publicly stated this here:
http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:8j3lrbmknSgJ:https://hashtalk.org/topic/11712/zenpool-fluctuations-update-update+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us
realized his mistake of making such statement and deleted the whole thread.
If a pool requires investors to buy contracts for increased payouts, then you do not have a real mining pool with real mining machines.
Josh Garza used shill accounts on bitcointalk.org here: http://share.pho.to/6pc3a/9a/original . I think he was caught publicly using shills twice. If anyone has proof, msg me and I will send you 0.25BTC.
If this ponzi scheme collapses and if his claims that he sold over 120mm of products this year are true. Then the regulatory fall out will be ugly. This is not a small scam. It is huge and will give ammunition to people like Ben Lawsky to regulate us to death as this occured with a US company on US soil. It will be another Enron or worse.
Please please please educate.
The private evidence I have is much much more condemning. But it should be obvious enough what is already out there publicly.
Also, please feel to present counter arguments.
submitted by gaw-whistleblower to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

List of all 43 Bitcoin subreddits

Subscriber counts as of 2013-04-02. Let me know if I missed any.
edit: now at 65
General
Link Description Subscribers
All Combined All subreddits in this table combined
Bitcoin Main subreddit 24,090
A4BTC Ask a question and send a Bitcoin tip to the best answerer 9
BTCBase a database of online and storefront merchants who accept bitcoin 55
Beg Ask for Bitcoin 9
Beginners Help & Questions 45
Bitcoin Magazine all topics related to Bitcoin Magazine 383
Bitcoins General discussion (deprecated) 82
Bums Ask for Bitcoin 7
Business using Bitcoin as a tool for business 15
Charity promoting charities that accept Bitcoin 13
Economics content and level-headed, empirical discussion of Bitcoin's economic and financial issues 17
Evangelism Spreading the word about Bitcoin 70
Exchange Exchange Bitcoin for other currencies 4
Forum General discussion 100
Games4Bitcoins Buy and sell games 74
GetRichQuick Ideas for fast money with Bitcoin 1
Help Help & Questions 138
Ideas short, detailed ideas of Bitcoin-related open source or commercial projects 99
Investing Bitcoin as an investment 47
Jobs4Bitcoins Bitcoin job board 416
JusttheBitcoinTip Suggest BestOf Bitcoin comments for others to tip 47
Market Buy and sell anything with Bitcoin 1,658
Mining Bitcoin mining discussion 1,957
MtGox Mt.Gox exchange 595
MTRed MTRed mining pool discussion 1,099
Mutualists Bitcoin in a Mutualist society 25
News General Bitcoin news 22
Silkroad Bitcoin-only black market 11,152
Speculation Speculative investing in Bitcoin 82
SRS Bitcoin conversation, more heavily moderated 12
Technical Questions about Bitcoin's underlying architecture 1
Tip Bitcoin Tip Bot 1,051
Transparency Exploring Bitcoin's early adopters' windfall 3
TreasureHunt Bitcoin treasure hunts 10
UseBitcoin Discover services and online stores that accept bitcoin 45
Wallet Bitcoin wallets 170
Region/Country hattip
NSFW
Jerk / Humor
Other cryptocurrencies
submitted by _________lol________ to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

My take on what happened with Neo & Bee, after visiting the company in February

Things have taken a dramatic turn for investors and employees with Neo & Bee. The gist of it is that CEO Danny Brewster has disappeared, and with him apparently thousands of bitcoins from investors. If the company is not salvaged, the reputation of Bitcoin on the island of Cyprus will be tainted, and hundreds of bitcoiners will see their investment fail.
This is ugly, there's no other way to put it.
I hope that my perspective below can help putting some of the pieces together as to what exactly happened.
Interactions with Danny and my trip to Cyprus for their branch opening
My first contact with Danny Brewster was in june 2013. We had a brief skype call in which he asked me some feedback about his plans for starting a Bitcoin company in Cyprus. I was quite skeptical at the time, because his profile and background in security didn't seem to match with my notion of a tech entrepreneur. I did agree with him that Cyprus was a very interesting location for a Bitcoin venture, and I wished him well.
Later last year, in early september, Danny informed me about the prospectus and public offering of Neo & Bee. I didn't pay much attention to this and didn't read the prospectus, as I was in Austin at the time helping out with Cointerra.
In november, he contacted me again with the question whether I wanted to speak about Bitcoin at their conference in Cyprus. Originally it was planned for january, later it was pushed back to late february. I booked the flights, and they were reimbursed to me in BTC by Danny.
The pieces of information Danny shared every now and then over skype were intriguing. He talked about his connections with the university, meetings with the minister of finance and other high brow people, how he had signed up a chain of 40 stores where Neo & Bee products could be offered, and more.
When I arrived in Cyprus in late February, Danny picked me up at the airport. In the kiosk there he showed me how all major newspapers had a 2 page wrapper over the front cover, featuring "Neo" in big letters. On the way to his house (he had invited me to stay at his place) we saw at least four big Neo bilboards flash by.
Danny drove a posh Bentley car that he'd imported from the UK. Once arriving at his luxurious but sparsely furnished rental home, I was greeted by his fiancé. At first I was surprised by the affluence he displayed that first day, but that faded when Danny told me he was an early Bitcoin and Litecoin adopter who'd invested thousands of his own coins into the company (since his disappearance, his personal btc wealth became very contested).
When Danny and I discussed the MtGox failure the day it made the news, I asked him how many worthless bitcoins he personally had left sitting in the exchange. He answered "365".
At another point during my stay, the Bitcoin price fell briefly to below $500, and when I told him about this, he set up a trade to allegedly buy over €80,000 in bitcoins while sitting in his office, taking profit a few hours later when the price had recovered. (I was at the other side of his desk, so I didn't see the actual trade happen.)
The evening of the first day, Danny drove me to Neo's headquarters, an impressive four story building in downtown Nicosia. The building was owned by Christos Vlachos, CFO of the University of Nicosia, who I met several times during my stay and who'd made headlines last year by being the first to launch an Masters' degree in Digital Currencies. The bottom floor of the building featured the Neo store, with furnished rooms in the back for staff meetings and sanitation. Next to the store there was a large floor where I saw at least 12 programmers at work, one of whom demonstrated to me a functioning beta version of Neo's teller backend software as well as the e-banking interface. Upstairs on the second floor I found Neo's headquarters, and on two floors above that there were a number of ad agencies, the largest of which had created the ad campaign for Neo.
Over the course of the three days I got to talk to about ten of the Neo employees. They struck me as quite professional, and they were obviously passionate about the company and about the prospects for Bitcoin in Cyprus. The impression that I got of the corporate culture was relaxed and open. Danny didn't seem to mind showing me emails or allowing me to be present in the office while he was discussing certain corporate decisions. In a skype message to a friend, I wrote on the 23rd: "I still need to find out whether these guys are casual geniuses, or clever cowboys".
After the opening event the next morning—about 120 people attended, and it was widely reported—, we traveled to a hotel/conference centre nearby for the Bitcoin conference. The turnout was impressive: about 200 professionals, many working for multinational corporations, banks, and even government agencies. The next day in Limasol, the same scenario repeated itself.
I left for London the following day.
How I found out about the problems at Neo & Bee
I was not aware of anything amiss with Neo until late last month when one of their investors asked me about the rumors that were circulating. That day I contacted Neo's management, and on sunday march 30th I got to talk to its COO and Compliance Officer (George Papageorgiou and Øystein Aaby). They told me the story as it was published today on reddit.
I also emailed CEO Danny later that day, asking him about his version of the facts. Surprisingly, I did get a short response (he also seems to have given Coindesk a short response), though he didn't answer my request for more details and contact info of the lawyers he mentioned.
Earlier this month I helped the former management with reaching out to various Bitcoin angels and funds, to see whether Neo & Bee can still be salvaged. The outcome of that process is uncertain.
Why I didn't investigate Neo & Bee's financial situation more thoroughly — though I should have
On February 23rd I asked Danny for clarification about the company's valuation. He said that Neo had +3,000BTC left from the IPO proceeds. Based on the numbers he told me, I calculated that the total valuation of the company was roughly 56,000 BTC, or $32.3M at the time, $2M of which were the publicly available shares. Despite the 3,000 bitcoins that were allegedly left, this valuation struck me as very high, and so from then on I didn't ask more because I had decided that this company not something I would be interested in as an investment.
The next month, on march 17, my attention was caught by the newly published Neo & Bee prospectus and the fact that they had received several inquiries from international parties that wanted to start franchise Neo stores (as per Danny). I decided to buy 250 shares at 0.8 BTC as a first investment just in case the international leg of the company would take off quickly. I disclosed that purchase on twitter. Ironically I made that purchase exactly the day before Danny disappeared.
In hindsight I definitely should have done due diligence before writing in such positive terms about Neo & Bee. That is a lesson I will certainly remember.
Final thoughts
Even though I never had any business relationships with Neo*, I do feel I have failed to take my responsibility as a public commentator seriously enough.
To wit, over the past two months I have talked repeatedly and positively about Neo & Bee and the Bitcoin ecosystem in Cyprus. I also visited the company headquarters on February 24th and 25th, and spoke about the experience on various public fora.
Though I never recommended anyone to invest in the company, and only did so myself for less than 1 BTC, I can imagine that my enthusiasm for the project, combined with my profile as an economist and investor helped convince a fair amount of people to make an investment or to maintain their trust in the company. I'm very sorry for any losses incurred because of that.
The lesson for me going forward, which I already knew but that I have now laser engraved into my brain, is that it is critical doing proper due diligence when making investment decisions. Excitement is never an indicator of viability or proper management. Sure, we all occasionally make an investment decision based on nothing more than a trusted reference. That's fine, as long as we keep these investments very small to manage their inherently high risk.
This episode has also reminded me, as I stated in my Buenos Aires talk last december, that investing in Bitcoin the currency is likely the most stable and maybe even the most profitable option going forward, because it avoids the bulk of the third party risks involved with Bitcoin ecosystem investments.
Best wishes,
Tuur Demeester
*My financial interactions with the company were thus: I was reimbursed for my flight with 0.27 BTC, and the compensation for speaking at the two Neo conferences was a surprise gift containing promotional materials including an €80 tablet pc, a writing pad, and a Neo T-shirt.
Here's the post I published on reddit during my visit late February: http://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/1ysbt6/a_quick_take_on_whats_happening_in_cyprus_now_im/
submitted by dtuur to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

BTC market cap 6.2 billion USD compared to almost 14 billion USD in November 2013

--Lets discuss about market capitalization of Bitcoin, altcoins and why this is important for the crypto market.
Current BTC market cap is 6.2 billion dollars compared to almost 14 billion dollars in November 2013
The following data was pulled from coinmarketcap.com in case you want to double check it (All based on the 180 day historic):
And that is pretty much the relevant list for me, since the rest of the altcoins that I didnt include, IN MY opinion are not even worth mentioning.
So what do we take from this? We have seen some new regulations, bans, restrictions, scams, exchanges going bankrupt and scamming and overall bad news for cryptos in the last few months. On the other hand there are a ton of new startups bitcoin and crypto related to be launched this year; but will that matter? I mean, sure there is a ton of infrastructure being built around bitcoin which will make it easier to purchase and use bitcoin, this is actually good news (couldnt resist sry) but meanwhile the trust in cryptos is on the floor by the general public/media.
They can put a million bitcoin atms in every country, but who will be buying if the only thing you see are more and more shady exchanges going bankrupt and people losing their money? The market caps I put above reflect the current distrust in this system , at least as a store of value by the general public and THE BIG money. Those market caps dont even compare to even small companies and their stocks , nowhere near gold or silver just to give a few example. That means that cryptos are EASILY manipulable, we had clear examples of that happening during the mtgox fall. Some of those coins are being pumped and dumped by whales so much that is not even funny anymore. So this is a double edge problem you see? Whales will continue to manipulate the market as long as they can and the only way to stop it is by having a bigger market cap, which will only happen with bigger adoption or* bigger individual trust and direct demand. Bigger adoption wont happen in a non-trustable market and manipulation and shady stuff wont stop happening without bigger adoption/market cap. That is a round problem..
Some final thoughts, I really want to hear opinions, cricism, bashing, theories, crazy stuff, decent analysis and pretty much everything that come to your mind please. I post this often but if the idea of bitcoin was to have a p2p currency with low fees and etc advantages over traditional currencies, it really doesnt have to be worth $500 , $1000 or $20 for that to work, you just need quick converstion to fiat and a ton of exchanges, bitcoin can be worth what dogecoin is worth and still work as intended, the currency of the internet.
I have enjoyed the crypto-ride a lot but at this point I have taken enough profit to retire and I dont think I will just keep my "hodl stash" for much longer. I often hear a lot here that in the long term it will be xmoon value, but honestly? With the amount of altcoins and the amount of attacks to bitcoin, any altcoin could replace bitcoin anytime soon. All of this is pure speculation , I am a trader so I like to speculate. I am starting to think that in the longterm other cryptos will easily take over thanks to what bitcoin is building for them around the world. We could even see government-issued cryptos with parity in the long term as well, anything is possible and with that in mind , bitcoin doesnt seem that strong as it did initially.
Your thoughts? Discuss pls.
submitted by Displayer_ to BitcoinMarkets [link] [comments]

Test

Objective

In this article I will cover the benefits of massively diversifying your cryptocurrency portfolio by using Bitcoin as the primary example. Then I will discuss some of the best ways to diversify your portfolio and which methods require the least amount of work (purchase and hold several coins versus dividend sharing coins like COSS)
Let's assume I had purchased 100 USD worth of Bitcoin on Jan 1, 2011. I would own about 333.33 BTC (Details below)
BTC Price (JAN 1, 2011): 0.30 USD
Purchase Amount: 100 USD ~= 333.33 BTC

The Start - 2011

The Slow Increase - 2012

The Bitcoin RollerCOSSter Begins - 2013

The Big Reckoning - MtGox and more - 2014

2015 and 2016

The Unparalleled rise and Altcoin mania - 2017

The Bubble - 2018

Conclusion and The Case to Diversify

  • The main takeaway point from this discussion was that Bitcoin's rise in the past few years has been unparalleled by any other asset class in the world. However the likelihood that you knew or even held through all the ups and downs of bitcoin from 2011 to 2018 would be slim to none (Almost like hitting a lottery)
  • How can someone take advantage of the cryptocurrency market and catch all star risers like Neo and Nano? Diversify! Had someone diversified in 2017 into various altcoins (10$ each in small coins or so) they would stand to gain a ton of profits at the peak in 2018.

Ways to Diversify - Method 1 (Buy and Hold)

  • This method is straight forward, just simply buy and hold a mixed bag of big cap and small cap cryptocurrencies for the long term. Once the technology becomes more adopted and accepted, and when more people find it easy to purchase cryptocurrencies (Trust me it's not easy right now, especially in Canada where banks are blocking it everywhere) you will see decent profits.
  • Only issue with this method is it requires a lot of manual work from creating wallets, storing your money safely and signing up for several exchanges to get the coin you want to hold

Ways to Diversify - Method 2 (COSS)

  • Kucoin was an option until they changed the dividend model of their exchange to only pay dividends in more Kucoin shares.
  • Holding COSS tokens on the COSS exchange or on a linked external Ethereum wallet earns you weekly dividends in the form of Fees the exchange earns
  • Your weekly dividend contains every coin traded on the COSS exchange, this includes BTC, ETH, LTC, NEO, OMG, ICX and so many more coins
  • Basically by holding COSS tokens the exchange is building a very diverse portfolio in the form of many dust coins and big coins like BTC and ETH (These coins might be dust now but could potentially breakout like Neo or Nano in the long term)
  • This method requires minimal work from your part, just hold the COSS tokens and earn weekly dividends in hundreds of other coins.
  • Note the exchange is not doing so well right now and facing some bugs, but they have plans for significant improvements in the pipeline with the launch of COSS2.0 (With the market basically having bottomed this might be the best time to buy COSS)
  • For more information regarding COSS see my post detailing COSS here: https://np.reddit.com/CryptoCurrency/comments/91kel8/a_7_months_after_analysis_of_a_lost_gem_in_a_sea/?st=jkmzrv6u&sh=43d5dc18
Diversify massively because you never know what 10$ in some dust right now might be worth in a few years
.
References: This post is heavily referenced by an article written on investopedia and can be found here: https://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/123015/if-you-had-purchased-100-bitcoins-2011.asp
submitted by blockchainguy101 to test [link] [comments]

Bittrex Stole My bitcoin? Help anyone?

I feel I was robbed by Bittrex. My bittrex account is verified. First of all, I bought bitcoin at 35 cents and made a killing off of it. Then the price went down and I got out. Now, MtGox style exchanges own the market. I admit I fell behind on my bitcoin skills. But I am no beginner to crypto currency. Here is what happened to me. I bought bitcoin, etherium and litecoin on CoinBase. I was able to transfer Litecoin onto my Bittrex account from coinbase with no problem. I sent ethereum to bittrex ethereum wallet and the money just vanished. Gone. Block chain says that the transaction was completed to my bittrex wallet. But of course my bittrex wallet has no ethereum it. Days have gone by. Nothing. Just Got robbed by bittrex. But I was not mad. I chopped it up to user error. Even though the block chain does not lie. I gave bittrex the benefit of the doubt. Like a sucker. So, I wanted to knowledge about these exchanges and am willing to loose money to gain education in bitcoin exchanges. But I thought I would loose money via bad investment. Not getting totally robbed by Bittrex.
Finally, Coinbase is not able to send bitcoin to bittrex. I understand this. Bitcoin cash. I get it. I understand that I walked back into the crypto market during sever turbulence. But the blockchain does not make mathematical mistakes. I split up my bitcoin from coinbase. I sent bitcoin from coinbase to several different wallets. All I wanted to do was get on coinbase and buy some potcoin and maxcoin. That is it. I then began trying to send money to my bittrex wallet. $150 missing dollars later I decided to quadruple check all my addresses. I copied and pasted them like most people do. But I manually checked every wallet address I sent. All my information was accurate. My bittrex wallet is somehow redirecting my coins to somewhere else. Bittrex stole or lost my bitcoin. Because I attempted so many times to send coin to bittrex, and every experiment turned up as a failure, I think bittrex scammed me. Buyer Beware Bittrex Scam.
submitted by Rex_Scott to btc [link] [comments]

Huobi : It will be huge. Buy LTC now to show to the people of China and to the world the strength of Litecoin (and also to make a profit). Period is now very favorable and the value is so much undervalued. If you wait too long it may be too late, because the value starts to increase.

Edit : Thank you for all your answers. But it's absolutely not pump and dump (I never dump at low price cause I believe in LTC) I hate pump and dump scheme. It's the largest exchange site in the world, Huobi, adding Litecoin in 3 days.
submitted by notsogreedy to litecoin [link] [comments]

MAD Doge - Market Analysis 1/18/2014 (Afternoon Edition) - Such Mining

After days of a somewhat stable market, one thing has gone to a dog eat Doge world and that is mining.

What happened to mining?

Where will the price go?

What we must recall is that DogeCoin, as with the Doge meme is highly affected by the hype behind it

What's the short-term outcome?

Halving - The Rocket Booster

News:

I'll end this with a question: Who do you think should start accepting DogeCoin?
SHIBE ON!
submitted by DRKMSTR to MADDOGE [link] [comments]

Questions and analysis of Peercoin.

Question 1: When people refer to Peercoin's potential as a backbone currency, are they implying it will be used by escrow services where high volume transactions will be off the blockchain and on a separate database instead? This would make more sense to me since Peercoin has high transaction fees to mitigate its blockchain size. In that case, it seems there won't be very much use for Bitcoin or Litecoin transaction wise unless a person doesn't want the transaction to be recorded by a third party. Peercoin definitely appears more useful for savings.
Question 2: If Bitcoin relies heavily on escrow services to move transactions off the blockchain in the future, how will its miners stay in business since they won't be making much money off of scarce transaction fees? Bitcoin can have its transactions on the blockchain but i doubt average PCs will be able to handle the blockchain size or the transaction processing if Bitcoin adoption goes parabolic. It seems to me Bitcoin will have to rely on supernodes to maintain the network and sacrifice decentralization at the same time. Peercoin is better setup for this contingency since regular users will be collecting 1% interest from minting/maintaining the network while escrow services or supernodes handle off blockchain transactions. Peercoin might become the equivalent of gold reserves.
Fundamental Analysis:
Market Analysis:
Critical Analysis:
As i said in one of my prior posts, Peercoin looks like it's the most differentiated and undervalued altcoin available. If there was only one altcoin you were allowed to bet on or just diversify with, which would it be? I would choose Peercoin hands down in the long run. In the short run, i might choose Litecoin because it's attracting more hype and it's expected to soon be implemented on any major exchanges as well. Litecoin has the silver analogy and Peercoin has the Aesop's fable analogy. Litecoin is the hare and Peercoin is the tortoise while it makes sure and steady gains against Litecoin. Litecoin is the gut feeling play while Peercoin is the smart play if you do your homework. It's the same when you compare the gold and silver as investments. When making investments, you have to be able to see 2 steps ahead of everyone else and i think all of use here understand the future. The recent 1600% gain in PPC reflects the validity of our vision.
Am i right in my assessments? I have to admit Peercoin looks better and better every day i research it. Peercoin seems too good to be true yet I've known about Peercoin for almost 9 months and i haven't given it the attention it deserves until the past few days. If Bitcoin is a radical innovation which strikes at the core of humanity, what do we call Peercoin? I'll disclose that I've accumulated nearly 40% of my crypto portfolio(EDIT: now it's around 70%!) in Peercoin so I'm ever more motivated to learn about Peercoin AND MIGHT BE BIASED! LOL, I apologize for spamming this sub with so many posts lately but Peercoin's definitely caught my attention. This will be my last post...hopefully :) I would love to read your feedback whether positive or negative(preferable). Thank you in advance.
submitted by CryptoChief to peercoin [link] [comments]

Reasons to invest in Litecoin

Hello everyone. I lately saw alot of people asking why and when that they should start investing in litecoin, and why they should, and since I really love Litecoin, I decided to tell you guys why I love it and why I think Litecoin has a lot of potential.
The best time to invest is as soon as possible, the prices are going up now. (has been fluctuating heavily last few hours)
MtGox has said that they were going to add Litecoin so everyone is able to buy and sell Litecoins just as everyone already can with Bitcoins. Many people don't know yet about other coins, maybe some do, but just don't yet trust other exchanges like btc-e. Once MtGox and maybe the other major exchanges will add Litecoin prices will go up. Alot of people really regret not having invested earlier in Bitcoin, so they certainly won't miss out on this opportunity considering the low price of Litecoins vs Bitcoins ($30.4 vs $967 at time of writing). I predict that at the end of the month they might be $75-$100.
Thanks for reading this. If you guys would like a guide on how to buy Litecoins or so, I might make one if there's enough support.
submitted by Matinator_ to litecoin [link] [comments]

Greetings Vertians - newbie here saying hi and questioning a few aspects as well as trying to light a fire under your butts :P

Hi everybody, relatively new to crypto in general, but i would say i'm more informed than most joining the market at the moment , i have read various whitepapers, i thought long and hard about if i wanted to invest and how, realising the risks, i am by no means a wealthy individual but i am into tech and see more than just the value of a digital asset going up or down, i see potential in this market in general.
i purchased a Ledger nano s before i had any real amount of crypto as i understand how weak OUR OWN security can be despite the security of the technology. (claimed some from faucets to understand the bare bones first)
currently waiting for transfer to complete to Coinbase then to -> GDAX then to Bittrex or some other to buy alts via Litecoin for the lowest fees (gbp to euro in revolute) -- also can i point out this is one hell of a dodgy ass way to purchase crypto for one coinbase need your id...ummmmm yeah did not like sending my identity documents over the internet
i am by no means an expert but i think I'm doing this right so far.
my first go at mining was nice hash, i made about £6 then the hack happened, after playing around I Am currently I'm mining via MPMH and Awesome Miner, then converting on their exchange into Vert! this... is where my first question comes in.
secondly although crypto can coexist lets face it, adoption is a kind of arms race, whoever wins adoption wins the argument re: are you a valid currency ... which vert is and should be in my eyes ASIC resistance helps a long way in this of course on the fairness to miners but to a shop keeper... he doesn't care so much, what he does care about is:
ok you gave me some numbers how to i turn this back into "real (fiat) money" so i can pay my bills or purchase more stock.
From what i have seen "Crypto_Vault" may be good for this (at-least in USD to start with) and from this business risk perspective we need to support projects like this, currently crypto is a minefield when it comes to transferring one type of value to another issues with Coinbase GDAX Bitttrex ...ahem..MTGOX are well known and often shouted about, Especially from people making claims about trying to get their fiat currency back.
This needs to change, far far more than if we can be listed on an exchange and "moon" although I'm sure for may people here that have been sticking out the roller-coaster that would be nice, lets be realistic here British gas, Eon, HMRC (English IRS) etc. are not just going to accept and hold crypto - They either would want to convert it immediately or if they did accept they would want to be able to pay their staff with it, which means those staff members need to be able to use it, or switch it back to gbp to buy an item some where that doesn't accept coin x (yes lightning and atomic swaps help here but still that's coin x to to coin y not coin x to fiat)
So as far as i see it , crypto is a grass roots movement , great ok then so we need to convince small shop owners small chains, pubs , online retailers to accept crypto. good fine and dandy, but wait how do they pay their bills with it?? At the moment lets face it they can't, so unless they are enthusiasts or watching the markets and seeing the value of bitcoin rise over the past few years, they will not want the hassle of selling vert on an exchange at least not directly.
So with that in mind i see projects like Crypto_Vault being instrumental in changing this, perhaps one day the VTC wallet could do this as well?
so for merchants as i see it Crypto -> Fiat and vice versa is an issue if we are the ones to solve (or promote the best solution) that should help Vert coin's adoption.
another thing to help vertcoins adoption is ...uggh...marketing here specifically i know WE ...US...the community can do this, i have graphics skills, and at least half a brain - however there are no set standards that i can see (I am Aware of the discord i know i can ask) but I'm talking about making this easy for people to spread the word, via posters leaflets etc that they can design and post for others to use (provided correct branding and accuracy) - but even if we do this at this stage we still face the money issue listed above.
i have a set of skills I am willing to put them into helping vert and for vert's adoption to grow but what i don't have is any direction, personally i think this is a great community from what i have been reading but there are too many people complaining about the price and too few willing to act. HODL doesn't mean let everyone else do everything ...sure you can, you can even make money ....but you will make more and make a tech survive in a flooded market if you help it out where you can however you can surely??
if Litecoin is silver to bitcoins gold, Vertcoin can be Copper to Litecoins Silver (copper is still very expensive and has far far more uses than gold and silver) who knows maybe more but not without our help!
Remember guys Green is the colour of money (see marketing slogan right there) ...unless your not in the us then its just confusing :P
Sry if this was ranty guys I hope I'm not spreading FUD or out of order in anyway just saying it as i see it.
TLDR; - There's lots still to do to increase adoption come on lets organise
submitted by AmmoniteII to vertcoin [link] [comments]

Ask BitPay to support Litecoin (and ask every other Bitcoin merchant service)!

I wrote asking everyone to ask MT.GOX to support LTC at the beginning of the week. That was extremely successful and we now expect MT.GOX to trade LTC by the end of April. Let's keep up the momentum!
Now that LTC is getting some of the market attention it deserves, we need to improve the merchant services available, so that LTC can be used to purchase more goods and services! BitPay is making that very easy for merchants who want to support Bitcoin, so we should all now write and ask them (and every other merchant service for Bitcoin) to support Litecoins!
Litecoins should be easy for Bitcoin services to implement support for, since Litecoins share the core of the Bitcoin architecture. Getting BitPay to offer Litecoin support would allow all BitPay customers to support both Bitcoin and Litecoin!
Here's an email you can adapt when contacting them:
Hi,
I am interested in buying items with Litecoins and hope that you'll support them . They are similar to Bitcoins, but have advantages. Here is a good summary of why I like them: http://redd.it/1bbfdc Litecoins share the core of the Bitcoin architecture, so they should be easy for a Bitcoin service to add support for.
Today Litecoins are trading over $4/each, have had more than $15 million dollars daily volume of trading on average in currency exchanges over the last few days, and have a market cap of approximately 1/20th that of Bitcoin and still rapidly growing. I would like to be able to spend them anywhere I could spend Bitcoins.
Please let me know when you plan to provide for this.
Respectfully,
me
If you're a vendor, please add something about how you're a vendor and you would like to accept Litecoins via BitPay. They will be especially interested to hear from potential customers they could support.
If we do this for all the Bitcoin services, Litecoins can become ubiquitous along with Bitcoins.
submitted by Normif to litecoin [link] [comments]

Can Litecoin (or cryptocurrencies in general) really replace fiat currency in the future?

Ever since I started buying a few years back, I rallied for Litecoin in particular not only for it's fast transaction speeds, but also because Charlie(coblee) has been nothing but incredibly open, transparent, and supportive to the community (something which can't be said for most other cryptocurrencies out there). I don't think I trust any other creator of a coin apart from Charlie at the moment.
However I have a few concerns which I really do think needs to be addressed before the ultimate goal of having a truly stable decentralised currency can be reached based on my personal experience of the last few years.
My Story: I was extremely lucky when I first bought bitcoin at MtGox that I immediately transferred out to buy litecoins at a different exchange before they stopped all withdrawals. I bought 3 bitcoins at the time and converted it to Litecoins. Together with a bit of arbitrage and mining I made up 90 Litecoins. At the time I encouraged some of my housemates to buy and try out Litecoins as well (one of my best friends now currently hold 30 LTC after losing the other half to Cryptsy). I held fast even as Litecoin went down to 1-2 USD. I even got out of the Auroracoin lies relatively unscathed.
I used some of my Litecoins for purchases such as on Namecheap for domain names and was left with 54 Litecoins. Unfortunately for me I used Cryptsy at one point and ended up losing all my 54 coins which really broke my heart. My wallet - (https://imgur.com/pQNwkju)
My Concerns:
Massive Fluctuations in Price - With the rapid rise in the values of these coins, is it really stable enough to purchase actual products using cryptocurrency? Let's say I buy a domain name for 5 litecoins one year, and now it's worth 1K. Although the fiat currencies have inflation as a disadvantage, it's relatively stable. You would definitely feel "robbed" if you ended up paying for a 8 USD domain name one year, only to regret using it at all when it is now worth several hundred USD the next year. Wouldn't this kill our goals of trying to use crypto as a currency rather than just a tool for trading and investments?
Safety - Whilst I agree that Wallets are the safest place for keeping money, exchanges really should be under a lot more scrutiny and we need a lot more stability.
We have no real choice currently but to use exchanges extremely frequently to change back and forth to fiat currency not only because of the limited marketplace for buying products directly in crypto, but also what I said about the massive fluctuation in pricing. In the fiat currency world, we can essentially trust the majority of the banks to hold our money safe one year to the next. We currently cannot trust exchanges to this extent (perhaps apart from coinbase, but even then the insurance/assurances have not been tested). Even BTC-e that has been there for years had a large amount of their assets seized recently.
The Fees - Coming to the above point about safety, the fees are definitely a lot higher than they were before. I don't disagree that fees are required for transactions to take place, but some of these fees are much higher than you would expect, again from a standard bank in Europe. This discourages people to put their money into a safe place (which is counter-intuitive of what the community advises anyone who wants to buy into crypto).
Final thoughts - I'm not trying to talk down on crypto, I remain a huge fan despite my heart break of losing my Litecoins. But these concerns highlight some limitations to our goal of making a true crypto society and I hope they can be addressed in the near future bfore crypto becoming a massive pyramid scam. I think Litecoin is way ahead of all other coins in this regard, but still a lot of work is needed.
submitted by Ornitier to litecoin [link] [comments]

An analysis of the state of ppc at the moment.

Disclaimer; Do not overly rely on the information below, a large part of this is speculation, and while I have done a bit of research I do not claim to be any kind of authority on PPC.
If you find any mistakes please inform me and I will attempt to fix them ASAP.
What ppc has going for it
  1. PPC is relatively fast compared to most other crypto currencies, and has a fixed transaction fee unlike other crypto currencies such as bitcoin.
  2. Is so far the only crypto coin built on the idea of proof of stake(yet).
    [Why should this matter?; In cryptocurrencies based of proof of work, things like confirmations(e.g; a lot of exchanges require 3 to ten confirmations before they accept your bitcoin) are done when blocks are mined, this is fine as long as blocks are being mined, but when an error occurs(like TRC yesterday) where a difficulty adjustment results in a large amount of the miners leaving, the currency grinds to a halt and no transactions can be completed. With proof of stake coins which have allready been mined carry out these functions, so ppcoin can continue to function even in the absence of miners.]
  3. Energy Efficency; This leads to Peer to Peer Coin's third advantage, not being dependent of miners like other crypto currencies PPcoin is free to be energy efficient.
    Explanation; Bitcoin miners are buying bigger and bigger machines and using more and more electricity to generate Bitcoins, while not too much of a problem on this scale if Bitcoin ever becomes as big and as accepted a means of payment as credit cards or paypal the amount of power being consumed globally would be staggering, and very very inefficient(as all this is being wasted aside from the generation of Bitcoins.) PPC however adjusts difficulty geometrically as the popularity of PPC grows. So in such a scenario while the value of PPcoin might be astronomical, difficulty would scale so that it would be financially unprofitable for too many people to be mining. And thanks to proof of stake PPcoin would continue to function in such a situation.
  4. Growing acceptability; PPC is being adopted by bigger exchanges such as BTC-e on the fifth of april, as well as hints of ppc at mtgox. Additionally PPC now has the third hightest Market Capitalization
Summary; PPC is fast, reliable, resistant to scenario's which cripple other altcoins, and is designed for the long term, and seems to be slowly growing in acceptability.
What is going against PPC
  1. While it has potential very few places currently exist which accept PPcoin. Bitcoin is now becoming accepted in several "real" shops, while litecoin now has it's own silkroad in the form of Atlantis. PPC unfortunately(like many of the other altcurrencys) does not yet have any such marketplace, and its only current use is the purchase of bitcoins.
  2. PPC's value is currently fluctuating heavily, Vircurex's server issues right before BTC-e's implemetaion of PPC resulted in PPC experiencing its first major bubble in its first few hours unlike most other altcurrencys first few weeks.*
    *[mostly speculation; This might be as people knew that the supply of ppc would rise as soon as Vircurex came online, and were determined to sell before this lowered the value of ppc. Combined with people focusing on TRC as it was added to BTC-e first, and being suprised when due to the miner issue PPC reached the market first, and overbidding in their haste.]
  3. A more temporary issue; PPC might soon be flooded as Vircurex comes back online, and if people panic and flood the market with this additional supply. HOWEVER given that the current price of PPC is currently equal or below the level of ppc prices before Vircurex closed, and additional currencies are in Vircurex the price of ppc might not actually fall all too much as people might refuse to sell at a loss.
Conclusion; While PPC is designed to be used on a wide scale, and seems to be growing in acceptability, it doesn't yet have enough services, and is facing a risk of collapse. So if PPC survives its current difficulties it should grow to equal and eventually exceed litecoins, but only if it manages to weather it's current pricing issues.
edit; so if you want to help PPC succeed, please build services which accept ppc.
edit 2; Issue three has passed. Hooray.
submitted by bagog to ppcoin [link] [comments]

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